Ob in Nord- oder Südeuropa – zahlreiche barocke Residenzen zeigen dem Besucher an Decken und Wänden in imposanten Gemälden Handlungsfelder fürstlicher Regierung und die Illusion einer besseren Wirklichkeit. Kenntnisreich zeigt der Band, wie nahezu alle wichtigen Dynastien Europas diese Malerei als wichtiges Instrument der Selbstdarstellung nutzten.
Enclosed you will find the flyer of the symposium Himmlische Botschaften in bürgerlichen Welten – Barocke Deckenmalerei in Bürgerhäusern as planned for May 14th and 15th, 2020 in Augsburg. Unfortunately, the Corona epidemic limits social and, consequently, also scholarly contacts in the whole of Europe and forces us to cancel and postpone the meeting for the time being, which we deeply regret. It would be irresponsible to decide otherwise.
The program documents how intensely all the speakers intended to deal with the topic of the symposium. As a rule, this indicates indisputably the relevance of any scholarly research and of the innovative results to be expected from the different contributions, as well as the possibility of mutual fruitful inspiration.
In consideration of all this, we decided to postpone the symposium for approximately one year (May 2021). The exact date will be communicated only after the end of the epidemic.
Barokk freskófestészet Magyarországon, I. kötet: Fejér, Komárom-Esztergom és Veszprém megye [Baroque ceiling painting in Hungary, Vol. I: Fejér, Komárom-Esztergom and Veszprém Countiers], szerk. Jernyei Kiss János, Budapest 2019, 520 p., ISBN: 978-61-05546-436-2
The first volume of the corpus of Baroque ceiling painting in Hungary has been published recently by the MMA publisher in Budapest, in collaboration with the Hungarian Museum of Architecture and Monument Protection Documentation Centre.
The publication is the result of the research project carried out earlier at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University, coordinated by János Jernyei-Kiss who also edited the present volume.
Following the modell of the “Corpus der barocken Deckenmalerei in Deutschland”, the 4 volume series will provide a complete catalogue of Baroque ceiling paintings Hungary.
The first volume is a collective work of 15 authors and catalogues 56 works in the central Transdanubian region of Hungary, that is in the territories of Fejér, Komárom-Esztergom és Veszprém counties.
Michaela Šeferisová Loudová, Ve jménu moudrosti. Ikonografie barokních knihoven na Moravě v 18. století [In the Name of Wisdom. The Iconography of the Baroque Libraries in Moravia in the 18th Century], Brno 2019, 501 pp., ISBN: 978-80-7422-663-2
This book is the first monograph on the artistic decoration of Baroque library halls created in the 18th century and still preserved in now days Moravia, namely libraries in the former Canonry of Premonstratensians Hradisko near Olomouc, in the Benedictine Abbey in Rajhrad, in the monastery of Franciscans in Uherské Hradiště, in the monasteries of Minorites and Capuchins in Brno, in the Canonry of Premonstratensians in Nová Říše and in the former Premonstratensian Canonry Louka near Znojmo, where the library no longer exists, but its visual aspect is brought to use in the preserved library of the Premonstratensian Canonry at Strahov in Prague, called the Philosophical Hall, which was created as a replica of the Louka library. These monastic libraries are followed by the only one castle library in the (arch)bishop residence in Kroměříž.
The monograph is primarily focused on the reconstruction of the iconographic programs of the wall paintings in libraries, but also takes into account the style of the paintings, their authorship and last, but not least the iconography and iconology of the whole monastery (respective castle), where library halls are located. The iconographic themes in the Moravian libraries, in some cases decoded for the first time, are presented in the context of decoration of other Baroque monastic libraries in the Czech Republic as well in the Central Europe. Continue reading In the Name of Wisdom. The Iconography of the Baroque Libraries in Moravia in the 18th Century→
An international workshop “New Research on Baroque Ceiling Painting” and the Annual Meeting of the Research Group for Baroque Ceiling Painting in Central Europe will tak place in Budapest, May 31 – June 2, 2019.
Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Building „Sophianum” 1 Mikszáth Kálmán tér, Budapest, ground floor, room 9
In Czech language with an extensive English summary.
Painting in 17th century in Bohemia is generally associated with Karel Škréta (ca. 1610 – 1674) who is considered to be a major protagonist of the new, i.e. Baroque style in the country. Nevertheless, to admit such importance it is necessary to get known also with Škréta’s hitherto underestimated contemporaries active in Prague and Bohemia such as Anton Stevens (ca. 1608 – ca. 1675), Johann Friedrich Hess (ca. 1622 – 1673) and Matthias Zimprecht (1624–1680), born in Munich and 1650s trained in Italy. The recently issued book presents their lives and works, social and professional status, their paintings are discussed in mutual relations and to Škréta’s oeuvre.
Joseph Mages (1728–1769) wurde wesentlich vom künstlerischen Umfeld der Augsburger Kunstakademie geprägt. Seine Fresken finden sich u.a. in den schwäbischen Pfarrkirchen von Dasing, Häder und Dillishausen, im elsässischen Benediktinerkloster Ebersmünster und im süddeutschen Raum im Zisterzienserinnenkloster Oberschönenfeld sowie im Birgitten-Doppelkloster von Altomünster. Die umfassende Studie von Angelika Dreyer schließt eine gravierende Lücke in der Erforschung der süddeutschen Barockmalerei. Der Fokus der Auseinandersetzung mit dem Oeuvre von Mages liegt dabei weniger in einer katalogartigen Erfassung und chronologisch-additiven Vorstellung der einzelnen Freskenprogramme. Vielmehr befasst sich das Buch mit der richtungsweisenden Auseinandersetzung der Reformbestrebungen der katholischen Aufklärung und wie sich diese in der Deckenmalerei von Mages niederschlägt.
Deckenmalerei als Medium höfischer Selbstdarstellung um 1700
Das Corpus der barocken Wand- und Deckenmalerei betrachtet Wand- und Deckenmalerei als ein Medium. Im höfischen Kontext dienen beide den Landesherren ebenso wie beispielsweise Architektur oder Raumausstattung zur Selbstdarstellung gegenüber Standesgenossen.
Um 1700 ist in der Selbstdarstellung europäischer Höfe vor allem nördlich der Alpen ein formaler und inhaltlicher Wandel festzustellen. Im Bereich der Deckenmalerei etwa fällt auf, dass die Decke nun oft nicht mehr in einzelne Felder unterteilt, sondern in ihrer Gesamtheit mit einem Gemälde versehen wird. Das einzelne große Gemälde wird raumbeherrschend. Eine freie Monumentalität, große Maßstäbe und ein neuer Illusionismus werden wichtig. Die Kunst der Augentäuschung als hohe Kunstfertigkeit der barocken Deckenmalerei setzt sich durch. Das Deckenbild erlangt Autonomie und als Medium folgt sie oft einer eigenen Logik. Wand und Decke können nun auch einheitlich gestaltet werden. Der Wandel ist kein rein formaler, sondern auch ein inhaltlicher: Verherrlichungen und Personifikationen etwa erfolgen im nördlichen Europa nun auf eine zuvor nicht praktizierte Art und sind oft nicht mehr allgemein dynastisch ausgerichtet, sondern auf bestimmte Personen hin orientiert.
“There is no such thing as a religious free space!” Richard van Dülmen’s statement at the beginning of the third volume of his book “Kultur und Alltag in der Frühen Neuzeit” is decisive for the answer to the general question of this work, namely “How did the allegories of the four continents come into the village church?” Originating in the courtly world of the 16th century, the iconography had its peak on the walls and ceilings of Southern German village churches around the middle of the 18th century. A quantitative survey discovered 310 allegories of the four continents in 273 different places in the Southern German region. Every second allegory can be found as part of the visual program of a village church. A remarkable density is encountered in the so-called Erdteilallegoriengürtel covering the area of Upper Swabia, Bavarian Swabia, and Upper and Lower Bavaria. The relevant theoretical model used was the one on cultural exchange processes.
During the late Renaissance – around 1570 – humanists developed a new “shorthand” way of representing the world at a single glance: personifications of the four continents Europe, Asia, Africa and America. While the continent allegory as an iconic type had already been invented in antiquity, humanists and their artists adapted the concept by creating the four-continent scheme and standardized the attributes characterizing the continents. During the next 230 years until ca. 1800, this iconic scheme became a huge success story. All known media were employed to bring the four continent allegories into the public and into people’s homes. Within this prolonged history of personifications of the continents, the peak was reached in the Late Baroque, and especially the 18th century. As a pictorial language they were interwoven with texts, dogmas, narratives and stereotypes. Thus the project team find himself asking: What did continent allegories actually mean to people living in the Baroque age?
France Stele Institute of Art History ZRC SAZU, in association with
the Institute of Art History at the Czech Academy of Sciences and the Research Group for Baroque Ceiling Painting in Central Europe (BCPCE), have prepared International Summer Study Days on Baroque Ceiling Painting in Slovenia and Austria (Styria), on August 30 – September 5, 2017. The program contains visits of different monuments, presentations of student projects and
lectures by researchers from Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany and Slovenia.
International Summer Study Days on Baroque Ceiling Painting have been organised at the time of the exhibition Hercules Stiriae – Štajerski Herkul – Hercules of Styria. Following the Traces of Ignaz Maria Count of Attems’ Commissions of Frescoes in Slovenska Bistrica Castle (June 15 – December 31, 2017) and in the scope of the research program Slovenian Artistic Identity in European Context and research project Visual Representations of the Nobility. Early Modern Art Patronage in the Styria Province (No. J6-7410 (B), conducted at the France Stele Institute of Art History ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana) financially supported by the Slovenian Research Agency.
Baroque Parish Churches and Their Decoration: A New Field of Research
The Research Group for Baroque Ceiling Painting in Central Europe (BCPCE), the Institute for History of Art and Musicology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Art History of the Czech Academy of Sciences, the Region of Hradec Králové, and the Omnium Association will jointly host a symposium on the painterly decoration of parish churches of Catholic and Lutheran denominations in Vienna from the 23rd to the 25th of October, 2017. The event thus tackles a topic that has been treated rather negatively in the history of art history up until now, compared to the extensive research into the decorative programs of monasteries or pilgrimage churches. In this case, the analysis of the wall and ceiling painting – the core business of the BCPCE – only makes sense in the context of a broad historical contextualization. The general historical and churchhistorical framework must be discussed as well as theological and liturgical aspects of these churches. The period covered in this conference (1500–1800) was bracketed by confessionalism in the sixteenth century, and by the Josephine reforms in the late eighteenth century; the conference focuses on the geographic space with Central Europe largely governed by the Hapsburgs, as well as with Central Germany – that is, the essential parts of the old Holy Roman Empire.
Recently, several thousand photos of church interiors from Southern Germany have been uploaded into the Warburg Institute Iconographic Database (http://iconographic.warburg.sas.ac.uk), where they can be freely downloaded. Some 20,000 more images are waiting to be added. It is planned to link this collection with the Corpus der Barocken Deckenmalerei.
Following the principles of the Warburg Institute Photographic Collection, the metadata focusses on iconography. We describe subject-matter in a hierarchical system that allows us to place related subject-matters next to each other. In contrast to ICONCLASS, our system is flexible so that we can easily create new categories to describe innovative iconographies, which are so common in the Baroque. We include material in all media and from all countries (with a focus on Europe from Classical Greece to about 1800), so allowing users to note connections across time, space and materials. An entry on a painting in the crossing of Fürstenfeld Abbey may give an idea of our approach:
In addition to presenting our own photographs (up to now, only the sections on Mythology and Astrology of our Photo Collection have been systematically digitized), we also collaborate with other projects to make digitized material findable through iconographic classification. We have therefore evolved from being a digital photo collection towards a global iconographic research portal. A good example are our entries on some illuminated manuscripts from the Munich Staatsbibliothek, such as the Salzburg Missal.
Because European mural paintings often contain rich and complex iconographies and are comparatively little known, we would be very interested in collaborating with projects that are engaged in cataloguing them.
Current Research on Baroque Ceiling Painting in Europe
An international workshop “Current Research on Baroque Ceiling Painting in Europe”, including the Annual Meeting of the Research Group for Baroque Ceiling Painting in Central Europe, will take place in Munich, on October 5-7, 2016, organized by the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, the Institut für Kunstgeschichte LMU, CbDD and BCPCE.
The main objective of the centre is a cross-disciplinary analysis and interpretation of mechanisms, which may explain the cultural-historical reality throughout its long duration from the Middle Ages up to the resent. The centre intends to develop a synergistic link between research teams in the cultural-historical field at universities in Brno and Olomouc, which have for some time now been prominent in their use of such approaches. In addition there is also the intention to draw on cooperation with the most important Czech Republic researchers as well as with leading experts abroad (Wroclaw, Vienna, Paris, Lausanne). In this sense the project endeavours to link up various methodological approaches with subjects in the field, which will be monitored within the particular modules: The theory and practice of cultural-historical disciplines; Image, cult, space; Imagination, image and text; Representation, places of memory. Outputs from the project will be a series of monographs, articles and a final, methodologically targeted volume, in which all the modules will be involved.