In Czech language with an extensive English summary.
Painting in 17th century in Bohemia is generally associated with Karel Škréta (ca. 1610 – 1674) who is considered to be a major protagonist of the new, i.e. Baroque style in the country. Nevertheless, to admit such importance it is necessary to get known also with Škréta’s hitherto underestimated contemporaries active in Prague and Bohemia such as Anton Stevens (ca. 1608 – ca. 1675), Johann Friedrich Hess (ca. 1622 – 1673) and Matthias Zimprecht (1624–1680), born in Munich and 1650s trained in Italy. The recently issued book presents their lives and works, social and professional status, their paintings are discussed in mutual relations and to Škréta’s oeuvre.
Joseph Mages (1728–1769) wurde wesentlich vom künstlerischen Umfeld der Augsburger Kunstakademie geprägt. Seine Fresken finden sich u.a. in den schwäbischen Pfarrkirchen von Dasing, Häder und Dillishausen, im elsässischen Benediktinerkloster Ebersmünster und im süddeutschen Raum im Zisterzienserinnenkloster Oberschönenfeld sowie im Birgitten-Doppelkloster von Altomünster. Die umfassende Studie von Angelika Dreyer schließt eine gravierende Lücke in der Erforschung der süddeutschen Barockmalerei. Der Fokus der Auseinandersetzung mit dem Oeuvre von Mages liegt dabei weniger in einer katalogartigen Erfassung und chronologisch-additiven Vorstellung der einzelnen Freskenprogramme. Vielmehr befasst sich das Buch mit der richtungsweisenden Auseinandersetzung der Reformbestrebungen der katholischen Aufklärung und wie sich diese in der Deckenmalerei von Mages niederschlägt.
We would like to inform you about a new book by professor Andrzej Kozieł (University of Wrocław) and his colleagues, which offers a new profound and comprenehsive look on baroque painting in Silesia, including a richly illustrated catalogue raisonné.
“There is no such thing as a religious free space!” Richard van Dülmen’s statement at the beginning of the third volume of his book “Kultur und Alltag in der Frühen Neuzeit” is decisive for the answer to the general question of this work, namely “How did the allegories of the four continents come into the village church?” Originating in the courtly world of the 16th century, the iconography had its peak on the walls and ceilings of Southern German village churches around the middle of the 18th century. A quantitative survey discovered 310 allegories of the four continents in 273 different places in the Southern German region. Every second allegory can be found as part of the visual program of a village church. A remarkable density is encountered in the so-called Erdteilallegoriengürtel covering the area of Upper Swabia, Bavarian Swabia, and Upper and Lower Bavaria. The relevant theoretical model used was the one on cultural exchange processes.
During the late Renaissance – around 1570 – humanists developed a new “shorthand” way of representing the world at a single glance: personifications of the four continents Europe, Asia, Africa and America. While the continent allegory as an iconic type had already been invented in antiquity, humanists and their artists adapted the concept by creating the four-continent scheme and standardized the attributes characterizing the continents. During the next 230 years until ca. 1800, this iconic scheme became a huge success story. All known media were employed to bring the four continent allegories into the public and into people’s homes. Within this prolonged history of personifications of the continents, the peak was reached in the Late Baroque, and especially the 18th century. As a pictorial language they were interwoven with texts, dogmas, narratives and stereotypes. Thus the project team find himself asking: What did continent allegories actually mean to people living in the Baroque age?
Recently, several thousand photos of church interiors from Southern Germany have been uploaded into the Warburg Institute Iconographic Database (http://iconographic.warburg.sas.ac.uk), where they can be freely downloaded. Some 20,000 more images are waiting to be added. It is planned to link this collection with the Corpus der Barocken Deckenmalerei.
Following the principles of the Warburg Institute Photographic Collection, the metadata focusses on iconography. We describe subject-matter in a hierarchical system that allows us to place related subject-matters next to each other. In contrast to ICONCLASS, our system is flexible so that we can easily create new categories to describe innovative iconographies, which are so common in the Baroque. We include material in all media and from all countries (with a focus on Europe from Classical Greece to about 1800), so allowing users to note connections across time, space and materials. An entry on a painting in the crossing of Fürstenfeld Abbey may give an idea of our approach:
In addition to presenting our own photographs (up to now, only the sections on Mythology and Astrology of our Photo Collection have been systematically digitized), we also collaborate with other projects to make digitized material findable through iconographic classification. We have therefore evolved from being a digital photo collection towards a global iconographic research portal. A good example are our entries on some illuminated manuscripts from the Munich Staatsbibliothek, such as the Salzburg Missal.
Because European mural paintings often contain rich and complex iconographies and are comparatively little known, we would be very interested in collaborating with projects that are engaged in cataloguing them.
Das Generalthema des Schwerpunktes ist die visuelle Kultur der habsburgischen Repräsentation und der Versuch, diese in ihren unterschiedlichsten Ausformungen zu entschlüsseln. Unter „Repräsentation“ verstehen wir die Vergegenwärtigung von Abwesendem durch unterschiedliche Medien (z.B. durch Wappen, Bilder, Skulpturen, Medaillen, Deckenmalereien), aber auch durch symbolische Interaktion bzw. statische oder performative Kommunikation (Architektur, Raumordnung, Einzug des Herrschers, Fest). Im Zentrum steht dabei die Frage, in welcher Weise habsburgische Repräsentationsstrategien in Kunst und Architektur in den Österreichischen Erblanden sowie in den böhmischen Ländern und Ungarn zum Ausdruck kommen. Continue reading Die visuelle Kultur der Habsburgischen Repräsentation→
Current Research on Baroque Ceiling Painting in Europe
An international workshop “Current Research on Baroque Ceiling Painting in Europe”, including the Annual Meeting of the Research Group for Baroque Ceiling Painting in Central Europe, will take place in Munich, on October 5-7, 2016, organized by the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, the Institut für Kunstgeschichte LMU, CbDD and BCPCE.
Krajina a venkov v baroku / Landscape and Countryside in Baroque
International conference, Horní Jiřetín and Jezeří Chateau, Czech Republic, October 14–15, 2016
The Institute of Art History of the Czech Academy of Sciences, the Omnium Association and the Town of Horní Jiřetín, in cooperation with the Departments of art history of the Czech universities, are organizing an international conference devoted to questions of landscape and countryside in the 17th and 18th centuries. The conference is focused on different aspects of formation and conception of the landscape and rural architecture and arts in the early modern era, but also on their present-day devastation. The program of the conference is enclosed.
The main objective of the centre is a cross-disciplinary analysis and interpretation of mechanisms, which may explain the cultural-historical reality throughout its long duration from the Middle Ages up to the resent. The centre intends to develop a synergistic link between research teams in the cultural-historical field at universities in Brno and Olomouc, which have for some time now been prominent in their use of such approaches. In addition there is also the intention to draw on cooperation with the most important Czech Republic researchers as well as with leading experts abroad (Wroclaw, Vienna, Paris, Lausanne). In this sense the project endeavours to link up various methodological approaches with subjects in the field, which will be monitored within the particular modules: The theory and practice of cultural-historical disciplines; Image, cult, space; Imagination, image and text; Representation, places of memory. Outputs from the project will be a series of monographs, articles and a final, methodologically targeted volume, in which all the modules will be involved.
Welcome to the blog of the Research Group for Baroque Ceiling Painting in Central Europe (BCPCE). In the next future, we would like to inform you about the activities of the group focused on monumental painterly decoration of Central European and Italian sacral and profane architecture of the 17th and 18th centuries, on its documentation and art historical interpretation.
Herzlich willkommen auf der Blog- und Website der Forschungsgruppe für barocke Deckenmalerei in Zentraleuropa. Wir möchten über die Aktivitäten der Gruppe informieren, die sich auf monumentale gemalte Ausstattung in mitteleuropäischen und italiänischen Sakral- und Profanbauten des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts, auf deren Dokumentation und deren kunsthistorischer Interpretation konzentrieren.
We are pleased to announce the publication of a new book by Jozef Medvecký, senior research fellow of the Institute of Art History of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. The monograph Anjelský hrad v Karpatoch [Angels Castle in Carpathians] presents results of Jozef Medvecký’s long-time research into the residence of the Count Pálffy family at Červený Kameň (Western Slovakia) and its rich and splendid painterly decoration by Carpoforo Tencella (1623–1685), the famous painter from Bissone (Ticino, Switzerland).
Jozef Medvecký, Anjelský hrad v Karpatoch. Carpoforo Tencalla a ranobaroková výzdoba hradu Červený Kameň [Angels Castle in Carpathians. Carpoforo Tencalla and the Early Baroque Decoration of the castle Červený Kameň], Bratislava 2016